Savannah Dermatologist | Savannah Eczema | GA | Savannah Skin Pathology |

SSP_logo.png

7001 Hodgson Memorial Drive Suite 5
Savannah, GA 31406
(P) 912-349-7656                       (F) 912-349-7659

ECZEMA

 

Eczema is a very common, chronic skin condition that’s distinguished by irritated, inflamed, and itchy patches of skin. Eczema is not life-threatening, but it can cause intense itching, which secondarily induces scratching by the patient which may result in infection— complications, such as secondary infection may make the condition more serious than a regular rash.

The causes of eczema are varied and there are many different beliefs about what causes this itchy and uncomfortable skin condition.  Eczema is believed to occur because of an overactive immune system response while other theories state that it’s caused by an overly sensitive epidermis; however, the most common theories include combination of many internal and external factors, such as,  genetics, household products, beauty products, chemicals, certain foods, living organisms (mold, dust mites, etc.), fabrics and the environment.  

 

Types of Eczema 

 Atopic Eczema

Atopic Eczema is the most common type of eczema. Genetics, environmental factors, skin cell renewal rate, and an overactive immune system are all factors that can contribute to atopic eczema. Most patients experience this particular type of eczema by the age of five years, but it can occur and/or reoccur at point in the patient’s life.

Contact Eczema

 Contact Eczema develops as an immune response to substances that irritate the skin. There are two sub-categories of contact eczema: irritant contact eczema (i.e. chemicals) and allergic contact eczema (i.e. poison ivy). Patients may experience allergic contact dermatitis without physically (directly) contacting the substance, which may make it difficult to determine the exact cause.

 

Eczema Treatment

With the exception of allergic contact dermatitis, which will clear up if the allergen is eliminated, eczema is a condition that is difficult to eliminate permanently and has a high incidence of recurrence . However, eczema’s symptoms can be treated as they appear. The most important thing to remember if you suffer from eczema is that scratching can further irritate the skin and may even cause skin breakage that could lead to secondary infection. Below are some treatments that may help alleviate your eczema symptoms; although, it’s important to be seen by your skin care specialist so they that may prescribe the best treatment based upon your individual needs.

• Lukewarm baths (water that is too hot may further irritate the skin)

• Mild cleansers and moisturizers that are made for sensitive skin

• Cold compresses

• Apply lotion directly after bathing before you’re your skin dries completely

• Antihistamines

• Pastes or creams with anti-itch ingredients

• Custom prescription compound cream designed specifically for your skin type and severity of your skin condition

• Light therapy (Laser treatment)

• Antibiotics (if infection is present)

• Cydosporine A (immunosuppressant to reduce allergies if other treatments do not help)

Eczema symptoms may “come and go;” a while; however, eczema may not ever completely go away so controlling symptoms is the best treatment goal. 

 

Eczema FAQs

 Atopic Dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema. In general, eczema refers to any type of dermatitis or inflamed skin. These two terms are often used interchangeably.


Eczema is not contagious. Eczema is often thought to be caused by a combination of genetic predisposition, environmental factors, and/or overactive immune system.  The reasons as to why some people are affected by eczema and others are not, are not known (even within the same family).

Where does eczema typically appear on the body?
Although eczema may affect nearly any part on the body, the most common affected areas include the face, inside of knees, elbows, neck, and ankles.

 
 
 
Savannah Dermatology serving Savannah, 31406, specializing in Eczema, Dermatology, laser hair removal, rosacea, tattoo removal, skin disease, chemical peels and much more in Savannah, GA.